ⓘ Ethnobotany of Poland
The Ethnobotany of Poland has been the subject of several ethnobotanical surveys since the 19th century studying the role of wild plants in Polish folk culture and contemporary rural communities. The first seminary on ethnobotany in Poland was held in Kolbuszowa in 1980 about the role of plants in Polish folk culture and other countries were discussed too.
Poland has been described as an aherbous or herbophobous nation due to greens mostly being consumed only when other foods were unavailable. Moszynski attributed this to good farming conditions in a mostly agrarian culture with limited use for wild plants. According to Moszynski, local populations in Poland were familiar with only a few taxa like Urtica and Chenopodium.
The earliest known ethnobotanical survey about Poland was conducted by Jozef Rostafinski, who investigated all aspects of ethnobotany including medical, culinary and dyemaking. He asked participants about green vegetables Zieleniny: "Do local people gather herbs in spring to used in soups, particularly in famine years, and these herbs are?" The responses he received included Urtica pokrzywa zegawka, Glechoma Bluszczyk kurdybanek, Rumex szczaw, Heracleum, and Aegopodium podagraria.
Green vegetables from around 58 taxa 43 genera appear but half are only used when food is scare. Sorrel is among the most common, with data from 1948 describing the preservation of leaves for the winter. Chenopodium and Atriplex species were eaten fried, blanches or boiled, mixed with potatoes or dairy. The perception of survey respondents was generally that it was a wartime food or mostly eaten by the poor, and its consumption is rare in modern times.