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Boilery

A boilery or boiling house is a place of boiling, much as a bakery is a place of baking. Boilery can also mean the process and equipment for boiling. Although they are now generally confined to factories, and usually boil industrial products rath ...

Bread crumbs

Bread crumbs or breadcrumbs are sliced residue of dry bread, used for breading or crumbing foods, topping casseroles, stuffing poultry, thickening stews, adding inexpensive bulk to soups, meatloaves and similar foods, and making a crisp and crunc ...

Carbonatation

Carbonatation is a chemical reaction in which calcium hydroxide reacts with carbon dioxide and forms insoluble calcium carbonate: CaOH 2 + CO 2 → CaCO 3 + H 2 O The process of forming a carbonate is sometimes referred to as "carbonation", althoug ...

Cool store

A cool store or cold store is a large refrigerated room or building designed for storage of goods in an environment below the outdoor temperature. Products needing refrigeration include fruit, vegetables, seafood and meat. Cold stores are often l ...

Drum drying

Drum drying is a method used for drying out liquids from raw materials with a drying drum. In the drum-drying process, pureed raw ingredients are dried at relatively low temperatures over rotating, high-capacity drums that produce sheets of drum- ...

Enrober

An enrober is a machine used in the confectionery industry to coat a food item with a coating medium, typically chocolate. Foods that are coated by enrobers include nuts, ice cream, toffee, biscuits and cookies. Enrobing with chocolate extends a ...

European Union food quality scandal

The European Union food quality scandal is a controversy claiming that certain food brands and items targeted at Central and Eastern European Union countries markets are of lower quality than their exact equivalent produced for the Western Europe ...

Extrusion

Extrusion is a process used to create objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile. A material is pushed through a die of the desired cross-section. The two main advantages of this process over other manufacturing processes are its ability to creat ...

Factory-kitchen

A Factory-kitchen or kitchen factory was a large mechanized enterprise of food service in the Soviet Union, originated in 1920-1930s. Its main purpose was centralized preparation of food supplied for communal dining rooms for personal purchase. F ...

Food distribution

Food distribution is a process in which a general population is supplied with food. The Food and Agriculture Organization considers food distribution as a subset of the food system. The process and methodology behind food distribution varies by l ...

Food engineering

Food engineering is a multidisciplinary field which combines microbiology, applied physical sciences, chemistry and engineering for food and related industries. Food engineering includes, but is not limited to, the application of agricultural eng ...

Food extrusion

Food extrusion is a form of extrusion used in food processing. It is a process by which a set of mixed ingredients are forced through an opening in a perforated plate or die with a design specific to the food, and are then cut into a specific siz ...

Food grading

Food grading involves the inspection, assessment and sorting of various foods regarding quality, freshness, legal conformity and market value. Food grading often occurs by hand, in which foods are assessed and sorted. Machinery is also used to gr ...

Food hubs

A food hub, as defined by the USDA, is" a centrally located facility with a business management structure facilitating the aggregation, storage, processing, distribution, and/or marketing of locally/regionally produced food products.” Food hubs a ...

Food industry in Bangladesh

Food industry is a rapidly growing sector in Bangladesh, employing a significant portion of the labor force in the country. Between 2004 and 2010, the food processing industry in Bangladesh grew at an average 7.7 percent per annum. Bangladesh Bur ...

Food industry of Russia

The food industry of Russia is a branch of industry in Russia. The volume of production in the manufacture of food products and tobacco - 3.12 trillion rubles in 2010, including: Manufacture of tobacco products - 164 billion rubles. Food producti ...

Food miles

Food miles is the distance food is transported from the time of its making until it reaches the consumer. Food miles are one factor used when testing the environmental impact of food, including the impact on animals and global warming. The concep ...

Food prices

Food prices refer to the price level for food in particular countries or regions or on a global scale. The food industrys contribution to the price levels and fluctuations come from the food production process, food marketing and food distributio ...

Food processing

Food processing is the transformation of agricultural products into food, or of one form of food into other forms. Food processing includes many forms of processing foods, from grinding grain to make raw flour to home cooking to complex industria ...

Food rheology

Food rheology is the study of the rheological properties of food, that is, the consistency and flow of food under tightly specified conditions. The consistency, degree of fluidity, and other mechanical properties are important in understanding ho ...

Fungiculture

Fungiculture is the cultivation of mushrooms and other fungi. By growing fungi, food, medicine, construction materials and other products can be attained. A mushroom farm is in the business of growing fungi. The word is also commonly used to refe ...

FutureFeed

FutureFeed is a seaweed-based feed additive for livestock that is currently being developed by a dedicated team from Australias Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. The primary component of FutureFeed is dried Asparagopsi ...

Genetically modified food

Genetically modified foods, also known as genetically engineered foods, or bioengineered foods are foods produced from organisms that have had changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering. Genetic engineering techniq ...

History of the bushfood industry

The modern Australian native food industry, also called the bushfood industry, had its initial beginnings in the 1970s and early 1980s, when regional enthusiasts and researchers started to target local native species. In the mid 1970s Brian Powel ...

Intensive farming in Almeria

The intensive agriculture of the province of Almeria, Spain, is a model of agricultural exploitation of high technical and economic yield based on the rational use of water, sanding, use of plastic greenhouses, high technical training and high le ...

Kitchen incubator

A shared-use kitchen is a licensed commercial space that is certified for food production. Renters or members can use the kitchen by the hour or day to produce food while fulfilling regulatory compliance. Food entrepreneurs, ranging from chefs, c ...

Malaxation

In olive oil extraction, malaxation is the action of slowly churning or mixing milled olives, typically for 20 to 40 minutes. The churning allows the smaller droplets of oil released by the milling process to aggregate and be more easily separate ...

Market information systems

Market information systems are information systems used in gathering, analyzing and disseminating information about prices and other information relevant to farmers, animal rearers, traders, processors and others involved in handling agricultural ...

Food marketing

The marketing of even a single food product can be a complicated process involving many producers and companies. The food marketing system is the largest direct and indirect nongovernment employer in the United States. Pomeranz & Adler, 2015, def ...

Olive oil extraction

Olive oil extraction is the process of extracting the oil present in olive drupes, known as olive oil. Olive oil is produced in the mesocarp cells, and stored in a particular type of vacuole called a lipo vacuole, i.e., every cell contains a tiny ...

Open Food Facts

Open Food Facts is a free, online and crowdsourced database of food products from around the world licensed under the Open Database License while its artwork - uploaded by contributors - is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution–Share A ...

PCR food testing

PCR food testing is the engagement of Polymerase Chain Reaction technologies for the testing of food for the presence or absence of human pathogens, such as E. coli, Salmonella, Listeria, etc. Four sample collection sites for PCR food testing can ...

Plant expressed vaccine

Plant expressed vaccine or project GreenVax In 2005 DARPA’s Accelerated Manufacture of Pharmaceuticals program was created In response to emerging and novel biologic threats. In 2009 DARPA offered a government contract for a Non-GMO plant-based s ...

Produce traceability

Produce traceability makes it possible to track produce from its point of origin to a retail location where it is purchased by consumers. Produce traceability is an important link in protecting public health since it allows health agencies to mor ...

Protein adsorption in the food industry

Protein adsorption refers to the adhesion of proteins to solid surfaces. This phenomenon is an important issue in the food processing industry, particularly in milk processing and wine and beer making. Excessive adsorption, or protein fouling, ca ...

Public Law 114-214

Public Law 114-216 is the federal law of the United States that regulates GMO food labeling. It was enacted on July 29, 2016 when President Obama signed then Senate Bill 764. While the law is officially termed A bill to reauthorize and amend the ...

Food quality

Food quality is the quality characteristics of food that is acceptable to consumers. This includes external factors as appearance, texture, and flavour; factors such as federal grade standards and internal. Food quality in the United States is en ...

Retail concentration

Retail concentration refers to the market-share generally belonging to the top 4 or 5 mass distribution firms present in a regional market, as a percentage of the total. Retail concentration is not simply a concentration ratio as is emerging in t ...

Serving suggestion

Serving suggestion is a disclaimer used on food packaging. The phrase is used as legal fine print with a picture of the product. The picture attempts to portray the manufacturers food in the most favorable or appetizing way possible, sometimes in ...

Spray drying

Spray drying is a method of producing a dry powder from a liquid or slurry by rapidly drying with a hot gas. This is the preferred method of drying of many thermally-sensitive materials such as foods and pharmaceuticals. A consistent particle siz ...

Standard components (food processing)

Standard components is a food technology term, when manufacturers buy in a standard component they would use a pre-made product in the production of their food. They help products to be the same in consistency, they are quick and easy to use in b ...

Stuffed and Starved

Stuffed and Starved: The Hidden Battle for the World Food System is a non-fiction book written by Raj Patel. It was published in 2008 by Melville House Publishing. Stuffed and Starved looks at the inequities of the world food system from the begi ...

Sugar industry

The sugar industry subsumes the production, processing and marketing of sugars. Globally, most sugar is extracted from sugar cane and sugar beet. Sugar is used for soft drinks, sweetened beverages, convenience foods, fast food, candy, confectione ...

Test kitchen

A test kitchen is a kitchen used for the process of developing new kinds of food. On the largest scale, they are run by the research and development departments of large companies in the food industry. Other test kitchens are owned by individuals ...

Vacuum fryer

A vacuum fryer is a deep-frying device housed inside a vacuum chamber. Vacuum fryers are fit to process low-quality potatoes that contain higher sugar levels than normal, as they frequently have to be processed in spring and early summer before t ...

Lynne Austin

Lynne Austin is an American model and actress. She was chosen as Playboys Playmate of the Month in July, 1986 and has appeared in numerous Playboy videos. Austin was also selected as the 1987 Playmate of the Year for the Dutch edition of Playboy.

Rolf Beeler

Rolf Beeler is a Swiss affineur known for his raw milk artisan cheeses, which he has developed for more than 30 years. He does not make cheese himself but collects terroir-based cheeses from small, artisanal, cheesemakers and then ages them to cr ...

Samuel van den Bergh

Samuel van den Bergh was one of the main European margarine and soap manufacturers in the early 20th century. In 1888, the year his father, Simon van den Bergh, opened his first German margarine factory in Kleve, Van den Bergh joined his fathers ...

Simon van den Bergh

Simon van den Bergh was a Dutch businessperson. He founded a margarine factory in the Netherlands that became world-famous. In 1888, the same year his son Samuel joined the company, he opened a factory in Kleve, the Van den Bergh Margarine Works. ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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